Genetic association of FTO/IRX region with obesity and overweight in the Polish population

Autorzy publikacji z podkreśleniem autorów z projektu (jeśli są) Sobalska-Kwapis M., Suchanecka A., Słomka M., Siewierska-Górska A., Kępka E., Strapagiel D.
Nazwa czasopisma PLoS One
Rok publikacji 2017
IF czasopisma w czasie publikacji pracy 2,766
Punkty MNiSW w czasie publikacji pracy 35
Streszczenie w j. angielskim lub krótki opis pracy Background/Objectives
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified many loci associated with body mass index (BMI) in many different populations. Variants in the FTO locus are reported to be one of the strongest genetic predictors of obesity. Recent publications pointed also to a topologically associated domain (TAD) which is identified as a novel region affecting BMI. The TAD area encompasses the IRXB cluster (IRX3, IRX5, IRX6), FTO and RPGRIP1L genes.
In this study, we investigated the relationship between variation of the FTO and IRX genes and obesity in Poles. We presented a case—control association analysis (normal versus overweight and/or obesity group) of Polish adult individuals (N = 5418). We determined whether or not the chromosomal region 16:53 500 000–55 500 000 contains polymorphic variants which are correlated with BMI in Polish population, including sex and age stratified analysis.
The obtained results showed that the problem of weight-height abnormalities differently affects populations of Polish women and men (χ2 = 187.1; p<0.0001). From 353 SNPs enrolled to this study, 86 were statistically significant (highest χ2 = 15.72; p = 7.35E-05 observed for rs1558902). Linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis revealed 61 blocks in the tested region of chromosome 16, with 24 SNPs located within the same block (block 8) of approximately 40 kb, in almost complete LD (|D’|>0.98, r2>0.80). We confirmed presence of the genetic susceptibility loci located in intron 1 of the FTO gene, which were correlated with BMI in our study group. For the first time, our analyses revealed strong association of FTO intronic variants (block 8) with overweight in group of men only. We have also identified association of the IRX region with overweight and/or obesity in Polish individuals.
Our study demonstrated how tested SNPs make differential contributions to obesity and overweight risk. We revealed sex dependent differences in the distribution of tested loci which are associated with BMI in the population of Poles. 
Link do publikacji Genetic association of FTO/IRX region with obesity and overweight in the Polish population


DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0180295
Michał Osiński

Autor:Michał Osiński

Senior Specialist